A sportscar is usually a two-door two-seat automobile. This automobile is specially designed to get high speed. These cars can be Spartan or luxurious, but the qualities of a sports car include all of these things – high performance, minimum weight, and good handling. To find the history of the sports car you will have to go back to the beginning of the twentieth century. The early sports cars raced in the rallies, such as Prinz-Heinrich-Fahrt, Herkomer-Cup etc. The name sports car came after the First World War. It is thought that the first sports car was made in the year of 1910. Ferdinand Porsche designed that car.
Afterward the French DFP and the Rolls-Royce joined in manufacturing such cars. Among the small models there were Kissel, Apperson, Marion, National, Midland, Overland etc. Among the large models which are called sports sedans by this time there were Stutz, Mercer, Simplex etc. In 1921 a speedy car with one hundred and fifty kilometer per hour speed came from a French manufacturer Ballot. In the same year one was built by the Benz. There were also many cars which speed limit might not cross today’s normal cars, but at their times they were the speed masters. Many young men dreamt to drive such cars.
The engine layout of an automobile influences its handling characteristics. In sportscar designing the engine layout is very crucial. According to the design layout of a car the position of the engine may in front, middle, or rear of the car. The front engine design is common to the sports car. Which wheel will be driven it is also matter; rear wheel drive is a common design. However, everything is designed to get the best performance from the engine and ultimately from the car. The seating arrangement of a sports car is usually two seats. Two occasional seats are also available in some cars.
There are different layouts of the sportscar; such as front engine and rear wheel layout, front engine and front wheel layout, and rear engine and rear wheel layout. Aims of all of these layouts are same, achieving the best performance. Examples of front engine and rear wheel drive sports cars are Chevrolet Corvette, Mazda MX-5, Caterham-7 etc. To tell about the rear engine and rear wheel drive cars the name of the Porsche 911 will come. This car provides excellent traction. For its significant mass at rear wheels it becomes more prone to over-steer the car in some situations. However, the company is continuously refining the design. In the recent years they have added some electronic driving aids.
Front engine and front wheel drive cars have advantages for light, small, and lower power sportscar. As for example the name of Saab Sonett, Fiat Barchetta, and Berkeley can be said. There are also four-wheel drive sports cars, but it was rare before 1980. Though the four-wheel drive design adds extra weight, but in adverse weather these designs can give better performance. World’s fastest car Bugatti Veyron is of this kind.