K-12 education in India

K-12 education refers to the primary and secondary education that a student obtains during his schooling. K-12 education is an abbreviated term used for education from kindergarten to twelfth. The term K-12 education per se is relatively new to India and is generally more commonly used in western countries like United States of America, Canada etc and in parts of Australia. With technology transcending borders, the term K-12 education is fast gaining popularity in other parts of the world as well, with minor/ no modifications. In some countries the term has been replaced with PK-12 or P-12 that means prekindergarten to twelfth or preschool to twelfth. Whatever nomenclature any country adopts, the concept of K-12 education primarily revolves around the education imparted in the school.

K-12 education scenario in India

The constitution of India guarantees a free and compulsory education to all till the age of 14 years. Imparting quality K-12 education to the largest possible student population across the country has always been a ‘top of mind’ issue for the government. A step forward in this direction has been the amendment of the Right to Education act that make this right stricter than before. Under the Right to Education act, 2009 private schools shall admit at least 25% students from poor families and no seats under this quota shall be left vacant. Through this amendment, government has attempted to ensure that the ideal of free and compulsory education is achieved in the true sense.

Online content provider for K-12 students

Students studying in schools can enrich their studies with the help of curriculum aligned videos and animations made available on he internet by a lot of websites. These videos and animations not only add the much required zing to the monotonous study regime followed by students, but also help them learn beyond what is taught in the books. These videos and animations are supported with quality study material and a variety of tests that help make learning thorough and effective.

The study material available at such websites is in easy-to -read language that makes understanding of concepts easy and quick. After going through the study material, students can also try their hands at curriculum-based interactive puzzles. These interactive puzzles not only raise the involvement of students in their learning process but also help assess their understanding of concepts in the chapter/subject. After going through the chapter, students can check their knowledge levels by practicing from chapter-wise and full-course model tests. This will help students get a clear picture of their weak and strong areas and will allow them to channelize their efforts in topics that require more attention. Once through with preparing for exams, students can also refer to end-of-chapter revision notes for those quick revision sessions before exams.


Studying in the right manner and using the correct tools to prepare for exams determines the extent to which students can achieve success during the K-12 years. It is also advisable for students to have a concrete understanding of core concepts so as to be sure of a high scoring academic ride.

Ashutosh Sharma writes articles for students of NCERT CBSE, ICSE, Maharashtra Board, Karnataka Board and Tamil Nadu Matriculation Board to help them score well in exams. To access more information about K-12 Education, CBSE papers, CBSE board papers, CBSE sample papers and CBSE syllabus visit http://www.meritnation.com

Carp Fishing Tackle Evaluation : Wychwood Equinox 12k Big Pit Reel

In lots of Asian societies, the carp is looked upon as a revered animal , capable of converting itself into a dragon. If you have ever caught one of these feisty fish on a line, I’m almost sure you’ll heartily concur . Although I delight in all types of fishing , hunting the wily carp is my ideal pastime . To be set for the undertaking , I am constantly on the lookout for carp fishing tackle to add to my collection. Here is some material about a fantastic , inexpensive fishing reel from Wychwood, the Equinox 12K big pit carp reel.

Concerning Big Pit Reels

Big pit reels are properly suited to carp fishing considering that they were created to accommodate a considerably bigger quantity of line than conventional reels. To illustrate , a big pit reel normally has close to three times the capability of a traditional baitrunner reel. A reliable big pit reel will secure greater than 380 yards of 16-pound test line or 400 metres of 15-pound test line. Yet another aspect I like about this reel is that it is designed with an extra large M10 aluminium spool that reduces line memory plus improves line lay with its extraordinary low friction lip. An extra aluminium spool comes along with the reel. Top quality big pit reels like the Equinox 12K are great for long range carp and beach fishing. This reel delivers the line flawlessly every single time.

Aspects of the Wychwood Equinox 12K Big

As opposed to many reels in its classification, the Wychwood Equinox has an exceptionally large amount of ball bearings: 13. There’s also a roller bearing drive and a hard-wearing machined aluminium handle. The reel is made with an exquisite wood torpedo grip. I appreciate the direct anti-reverse as well as the high-speed 5.0:1 retrieve ratio. The reel’s one turn front drag features multiple discs and also the D-Osc feature assures perfect line lay by way of making up for the non-linear fluctuation rate of your spool. Line lay is really important to me since I try to avoid the difficulties involving uneven line lay, such as shorter distance on casting and a lack of effortlessness on drag release whilst struggling with a fish. A consistent oscillation system functions to lay the line flat around the spool and helps the angler stay away from these difficulties . I’ve discovered the D-Oscsystem on the Equinox to be durable , trustworthy , straightforward and compact. Finally , the Equinox is equipped with SMS rotor balancing. Its scaled-down body offers amazing stability , particularly when I mate it alongside a long-range carp rod.

About Wychwood

The product manufacturers at Wychwood are all committed carp fishers. This implies they bring a great deal of expertise to the development and production process. Equinox reels are developed integrating CAD (computer aided design). Celebrated for trustworthiness and hard wearing , Wychwood products are exhaustively field tested to assure faultless and superior performance.

For my money the Wychwood Equinox 12K big pit reel should be considered exceptionally priced at 79.99, but do search for it at a bargain price for as low as 56.99. It’s a superb unit of carp fishing tackle!

I’ve been fishing since i was 9 years old and nothing calms me more. To get the best money saving deals on carp fishing tackle in the UK i strongly advise KeensTackleandguns. Their friendly staff are incredibly well informed and are always extremely helpful. Take a look at their online fishing tackle store for more information or call 01656 722448.

Surprises From NHL season

Every team in the NHL has passed the one-quarter mark of the season. Some have barely reached it — Detroit has played only 21 games — but the Chicago Blackhawks are barreling toward the midpoint of the season, having played 26 games.

The biggest surprise? That only one coach has been fired — Scott Gordon of the New York Islanders, succeeded by interim coach Jack Capuano.

Here are some of the biggest surprises of the season so far:

•Carey Price has survived a goaltending controversy and emerged stronger, compiling a 1.95 goals-against average and .935 save percentage for the swift and persistent Montreal Canadiens. Critics wondered whether they traded the wrong goalie last summer when they sent Jaroslav Halak to St. Louis. It has been the rare deal that helped both teams: Halak (2.37, .911) has been solid for the Blues, where to buy NHL Jerseys? ujersy.

•The Columbus Blue Jackets, under first-year NHL Coach Scott Arniel, have become a force in the Western Conference. The goaltending of Mathieu Garon (1.33, .950) has had a lot to do with that, given that their only real elite player is winger Rick Nash (13 goals, 17 points).

•Detroit defenseman Nicklas Lidstrom, nicknamed “the perfect human” by Red Wings fans, hasn’t been far off that level. Lidstrom, 40, is winning raves for his play at both ends of the ice.

•Tampa Bay center Steven Stamkos has blossomed into a full-fledged superstar. With 21 goals in 24 games he’s on pace to exceed 71 goals, which probably won’t happen, but it will be fun to watch him try.

• Dustin Byfuglien, traded to Atlanta by the Blackhawks because of their post-Stanley Cup salary crunch, has thrived on defense with a team that likes defenseman to jump up into the play. He leads NHL defensemen with 25 points.

The Not-So Pleasant

•Left wing Ilya Kovalchuk, he of the 15-year, $ 100-million contract that also cost the New Jersey Devils a $ 3-million fine and two draft picks for attempting to circumvent the salary cap, has only four goals and is minus-11 in the plus/minus category for his struggling team. No sympathy for the Devils around the NHL, though.

•The Islanders recently endured a 14-game winless streak. Early injuries robbed them of what little depth they had. No regular player has a plus/minus rating above zero.

•Getting the first overall draft pick in June figured to accelerate the Edmonton Oilers’ development. Taylor Hall has had some moments, but this young team is still a long way from respectability, if you want to buy New York Islanders Jerseys, ujersy is a good choice.

•Family Feud is losing its appeal in Calgary, where Flames General Manager Darryl Sutter traded his son, Brett, to Carolina a few days after the kid was jailed following a fight in a bar. Fans were hoping Darryl’s brother Brent, the Flames’ coach, would also be exiled.

•The NHL is still inconsistent in applying the new rule regarding hits to the head. Technically, that’s not a surprise, but it is a disappointment.

More information please views: Surprises From NHL season

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Deja Vu All Over Again

When the story of the Duke lacrosse case first broke, Jesse Jackson, Al Sharpton, and the NAACP all called for the arrest of the lacrosse players. When the facts came to light (namely, that the students were innocent of rape) neither Sharpton, Jackson, nor the leaders of the NAACP offered an apology or an admission of hasty judgment. Under any circumstances, the rush to wrongfully accuse three students of rape would rightfully be considered slander; when committed by public figures who claim to fight for “racial justice,” it is itself an act of racism.

Unfortunately, this is not an isolated incident; Jesse Jackson, Al Sharpton, and the NAACP have made a practice of using the weapons of racism when it serves their purposes.

In 2000, the NAACP ran attack ads against then-Governor George W. Bush, implying that he bore responsibility for the death of James Byrd, a black man who was dragged to his death by white racists. Bush’s offense? While governor of Texas, he refused to sign a hate crimes bill. Never mind that Byrd’s murderers had convicted and sentenced by a Texas jury.

In 1991, riots erupted in the Crown Heights neighborhood of New York after a Jewish motorist struck a car containing two children, who died from their injuries. Black residents looted and vandalized homes and stores owned by Jewish residents, all the while shouting “Death to the Jews!” After the death of the children, Al Sharpton delivered an inflammatory speech in which he referred to Jewish residents as “diamond merchants” and organized a protest march. During a spike in racially-motivated violence, Sharpton thought nothing of enflaming racial tension as a “leader of the black community.”

More recently, Jesse Jackson has been slamming subprime lenders for “discrimination” against black homeowners. The evidence? Some of the subprime-mortgage holders are minorities. So far, there’s been no word from Jackson on how the shortsightedness of the lenders or the foolishness of the homeowners translates to racism.

The NAACP, Jesse Jackson, and Al Sharpton are known as the leaders of the black community in America. Yet what have they done for their community?

In the book Scam: How the Black Leadership Exploits Black America, Jesse Lee Peterson notes “I don’t recall the entire black race in this country taking a national vote to elect Jesse Jackson, Al Sharpton, Louis Farrakhan, the NAACP…yet they’ve seized the mantle of leadership and claim to speak for all blacks in this nation.”

Though these self-appointed leaders claim to speak for the disenfranchised and profess a desire for “racial justice,” they continually engage in bigotry against their political foes, as well as their own community.

In the minds of Sharpton and Jackson, blacks are noble and put-upon, whites they disagree with (President Bush, the lacrosse students, the police) are cruel and oppressive, and Jews are greedy and conniving. These crude racial stereotypes are an ugly reminder of the Jim Crow era, a time that the overwhelming majority of Americans resolved to put behind themselves.

Despite the fact that institutional racism in America no longer exists, and it is largely taboo to publicly discriminate by race, creed or ethnicity, Sharpton and his ilk remain committed to the politics of division and hate. These demagogues achieved power by appealing to the worst in people; in order to maintain their influence, they must create new divisions even as old fissures heal. These “heirs to the civil rights movement” make a living by piling fresh discriminations atop old ones.

Worst of all, these heinous practices have done the most damage to those that Jackson and the other race hucksters profess to serve; the black community. At a time when nearly seventy percent of black children are born out of wedlock, Sharpton and Jackson are telling blacks that their problems can all be attributed to a racist system. As the next generation enters the education system, these snake oil salesmen can be heard degrading the concept of excellence; those who achieve and excel are merely “acting white.”

A prime example of this is Jackson and Sharpton’s treatment of Barack Obama. Obama, an intelligent and accomplished man, could very well be the first African-American to hold the office of president. One would logically assume that the leaders of the black community would be overjoyed to see one of their own in the Oval Office, yet Sharpton and Jackson have been remarkably cool towards Obama. Despite the fact that he holds similar (liberal) political views, Obama diverges sharply from Jackson and Sharpton on matters of race and entitlement. Thus far, Senator Obama has refused to cast categorical blame on blacks or whites, and embodies the ideals of personal achievement and scholastic excellence.

Despite Senator Obama’s positive example, Al Sharpton, Jesse Jackson, and the leaders of the NAACP continue to shape public opinion through their grandstanding and discriminatory politics. This is not mere demagoguery; for twenty years, these toxic prophets have been damning American children with messages of division and despair. I can only hope that one day, they will be held accountable for stranding the next generation in the ghetto.