Andhra Pradesh is situated on the Deccan (south) plateau which is one of the oldest geological formations in India. The mighty Godavari and Krishna rivers cut their way through the plateau, forming large deltas before entering the Bay of Bengal. Andhra Pradesh, situated south of the Vindhyas, is surrounded by Madhya Pradesh, Orissa, the Bay of Bengal in the east and Tamil Nadu and Karnataka in the south and by Maharashtra in the west. It is the fifth largest state in India in area and population. The state can be divided into three important regions-the coastal region, comprising of nine districts, generally called Andhra; the interior region, consisting of four districts collectively known as Rayalaseema; and the Telengana region, consisting of the capital Hyderabad and nine adjoining districts. Eight of its 23 districts have direct access to the sea.
-Historically it is believed that the original people of Andhra Pradesh were Aryans. Post their migration to the south of Vindhyas they were mixed up with other races. A major part of Emperor Ashoka’s kingdom, Andhra Pradesh was an important Buddhist center of that time. Several places in the state still bear the traces of the Buddhist culture and influence.
-The Satavahana dynasty is perhaps the earliest dynasty that ruled in Andhra Pradesh. After the end of the Satavahana reign, the state was ruled by the Pallavas, the Chalukyas, the Cholas and the Kakaityas respectively.
-In 1323, the Kakatiya dynasty was uprooted, following the capture of their ruler by Tughlak Sultan of Delhi. After the end of the Kakatiya dynasty, few local kingdoms rose to power in different parts of the kingdom. Among these, the Vijaynagar kingdom was the most powerful one. The great king Krishnadeva Raya belonged to that kingdom. After failing time and again against the Vijayanagar empire, the kingdom was finally captured by the Muslim invaders.
-In the middle of the 16th century, the emergence of the Qutb Shahi dynaty took place. They were defeated by Aurangazeb’s son.
-In 1707, Hyderabad was declared independent and went under the rule of the Nizams. The Nizams were great allies of the British and they helped the Europeans to defeat Tipu Sultan of Mysore.
-Post the Indian independence, Andhra Pradesh became the first state to be formed on the basis of language. The Telegu speaking people were given 21 districts, out of which 9 were in the Nizam’s Dominions and the rest in the Madras Presidency.
-Following an agitation in 1953, 11 districts of the Madras state were taken to form a new Andhra state with Kurnool as its capital.
-In 1956, nine districts under the Nizam were later added to form the enlarged state of Andhra Pradesh. Hyderabad became the capital of the state, which is one of the most technologically advanced cities of the modern India.
Culture: Ingenious crafts, glorious religious festivals, a varied cuisine and the sonorant mother tongue, Telugu, melodious music, scintillating dances are some of the indelible impressions of this state.
Kuchipudi is the famous classical dance form of Andhra Pradesh. Tribal dances contribute in equal measure to the artistic heritage of Andhra Pradesh. Tholubommalaata, a shadow puppetry theatre is a fascinating folk art of Andhra Pradesh. The other fabulous dance forms are Andhra Natyam, Veeranatyam, Butta Bommalu, Dappu, Chindu Bhagawatham, Tappeta Gullu, Lambadi, Bonalu, Dhimsa. The state is also known for being the homeland of Thyagaraja, Shyama Sastri and Muthuswami Dixitar – the three prodigies of the Carnatic Music Trinity.
Architecture in Andhra Pradesh ranges from prehistoric cairns to Buddhist Setups; Hindu and Jain temples of great importance to imposing churches, secular monuments such as the Charminar of Hyderabad to some of the most beautiful mosques and Islamic tombs of India. The known craft forms of Andhra Pradesh are Banjara Needle Crafts, Bidri Craft, Bronze Castings, Budithi Brassware, Durgi Stone Craft, Kondapalli Toys, Lacquer Ware, Nirmal Arts – Paintings & Toys, Veena Manufacturing, Handlooms, Chirala Textiles, Dharmavaram Saris, Eluru Carpets, Gadwal Saris, Ikat Weaving Handlooms, Mangalagiri Sarees, Uppada Sarees Handlooms.
Andhra Pradesh has a wide variety of wildlife and natural beauty. The state is home to one of India’s largest tiger reserve, in the Nallamai forest. The Godavari river delta is famous for reptiles like the salt water crocodile, fishing cats and other exotic animals. The medieval city of Hyderabad is its capital. Famous beaches are Visakhapatnam Bheemunipatnam, Kakinada, Chirala, Kalingapatnam and Mypad.
Topography and Weather: Two of the most important rivers of India, Krishna and Godavari, rising in the Western Ghats of Maharashtra and Karnataka flow through Telengana to merge with the Bay of Bengal in a combined river delta. Telengana is separated from Rayalaseema by the Erramala Hills. Andhra Pradesh is covered with many hills of the Deccan Plateau. Tirumala Hills and the Palkonda Hills are to the South of the state. On the East are the Velikonda Hills on the outer eastern edges of the Nallamalla Ranges. Summers in Andhra Pradesh last from the month of March to June. July to September is the season for tropical rains in Andhra Pradesh. Around the month of October winter arrives in the state. October, November, December, January and February are the winter months in Andhra Pradesh. The state is generally known to have hot and humid climate.
Places to Visit:
Ramoji Film City
Salar Jung Museum
Mir Alam Tank
It is recommended that you consider booking long distance bus tickets on “Air Conditioned Volvo buses” operated by all operators as the quality of the other buses vary significantly. Bus tickets are easily available online. One can plan trip and do bus booking online in advance. Online bus tickets booking is an easy process which can save your time and price.